Scrum artifacts are designed to increase transparency of information related to the delivery of the project, and provide opportunities for inspection and adaptation. They are management products useful for the creation of the specialist product of the project.
There are three artifacts in Scrum:
- Product Backlog: An ordered list of everything that might be needed in the final product
- Sprint Backlog: Selected items from the Product Backlog to be delivered through a Sprint, along with the tasks for delivering the items and realizing the Sprint Goal
- Increment: The set of all the Product Backlog items completed so far in the project (up to the end of a certain Sprint)
And these are the concepts related to the artifacts:
- Definition of Done: The shared understanding of what it means for a piece of work to be considered complete
- Monitoring Project Progress: The performance measurement and forecast for the whole project
- Monitoring Sprint Progress: The performance measurement and forecasts for a single Sprint
- Velocity: a simple measurement for the average amount of work done during each Sprint
- Scrum Guide, a definition of the Scrum framework by Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland
- Nexus Guide, a framework for scaling Scrum by Ken Schwaber et al.
- The Scrum Master Training Manual, a free ebook on Scrum, and the Professional Scrum Master™ (PSM™ I) exam
- Scrum Awareness, a free email course on Scrum framework